Natural stone is the most durable eco-construction material with low-maintenance and renewable characteristics. Stone is applied to roofing, walls, flooring, decor, fixtures, surfaces, and furniture in residential and commercial buildings. Due to its weather-resistant properties stone is a great building material for landscaping and outdoor construction. Stone does not produce much waste and its manufacturing does not cause ecology pollution.
Stonehenge, Giza pyramids, Machu Picchu are the longest-lasting structures and they are all made from stone. This durable material is freely available and used in modern architecture both for residential and commercial buildings. Stone’s elegance, ecological qualities, and low-maintenance make it the top choice for most developers, architects, and designers and stop them from looking further when perfection is in front of them. Granite, limestone, slate, marble, sandstone, travertine possess unique qualities and offer interesting textures for different purposes in construction.
What makes stone perfect sustainable building material?
Durability. The ability to stand the test of time without refinishing or replacing is a highly valuable quality of the stone, which makes it beyond comparison to other construction materials. Magnificent stone castles and cathedrals all over the world are the best advertisers of stone’s longevity and endurance.
Maintenance. Due to the stone’s durability, it hardly ever requires maintenance. In most cases, stone surfaces are cleaned with water and regular soap without any toxic cleaners containing the chemicals.
Sustainable manufacturing. Unlike many other building materials, the stone does not require treatment, purification, baking, or heating. A fully-formed construction material looks spectacular. Shaping and transportation are the only energy-consuming processes required for stone during construction, meaning that no extra CO2 is released. Moreover, stone production results in very little waste.
Recyclability. Reutilization and recycling rates of the stone make it a genuinely green material. No matter how many times the stone is reused it remains a stone and will not damage the Earth, which is different from recycling plastics and concrete. Stone from a building may be reutilized even in completely different functions such as road construction or even artwork.
Efficiency. Stone qualities allow not only efficient production but also maintain comfortable temperatures in the building. Material’s ability to store and release heat gradually helps minimize electricity bills by using less air-conditioning and heating.
Consistency through climate changes. Even in extreme temperature changes, the stone does not experience expansion or contraction.
Natural beauty. The elegance and variety of the stones’ textures are able to spring to life even the most demanding designers and homeowners. Reconnection with nature and combinability with modern design make stone a front-runner material of the architects through many centuries.
As a construction material, stone’s most common applications are:
surfaces and furniture
Using stone outdoors
The peculiar feature of the stone is the quality of aging gracefully outdoors combined with the ability to withstand severe natural conditions, moisture, and temperature fluctuations. Even though stone remains one of the most expensive outdoor construction materials, its durability with little maintenance makes it worthy of the expenses. Walkways, outdoor patios, retaining walls, beds for the plants are only several options of using the stone outside. When placed strategically, stones make necessary accents in landscape design and create an atmosphere of timelessness.